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These laws define the tasks and goals of early childhood education and care services, for example, how many places are required, whether new early childhood services need to be established, what material resources should be available and how the services should be organised. Regulations concerning staff-child ratios or room dimensions can differ widely between the federal states. An overview of early childhood education and care laws in the 16 federal states can be found at the Eduserver Deutschen Bildungsserver.
The municipalities are responsible for planning and implementing early childhood education and care services at local level. They are also responsible for a large part of the funding of these services. The above described division of responsibilities for early childhood education and care services is based on the idea of decentralised management, thereby strengthening the responsibility and independence of smaller state units or individuals and avoiding state paternalism.
Both laws grant children from one year onwards the legal right to attend an early childhood education and care centre or a family day care service.
The result of this work was a key issues paper for the elaboration of a federal law on quality development. In: Swiss Journal of Psychology, 59, , pp. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. Publications Silbereisen, R. Wiesner, M. Media use was not associated. Early education in centre-based settings and family day care is characterised by a holistic approach and reflected in the deeply intertwined concepts education, care and upbringing.
Against the background of the ongoing quantitative expansion of ECEC services in Germany questions regarding the assurance and development of structural as well as pedagogical quality of those services gained more and more importance. Since the s various stakeholders in research and politics deal with this issue. Within five subprojects quality criteria national criteria catalogue and evaluation procedures have been compiled and tested in practice.
Those instruments and procedures, which have been constantly revised and modified, are used widely within Germany.
The diversity of pedagogical concepts of ECEC settings and providers resulted in an incalculable variety of instruments and procedures of quality development and assurance. All in all, the perspective on pedagogical work in ECEC settings as well as on quality governance in the whole ECEC sector has changed considerably during the last years. In spite of the different efforts various studies, e. In addition, substantial regional differences can be empirically observed, mainly regarding structural quality.
Such differences in quality are e. As no consent regarding a binding national quality law with nationwide applicable standards could be found in the political debate, in a quality development process was initiated on the federal level. Their task was to compile a collaboratively agreed report until November , building the professional, content-related as well as the financial foundation for a nationwide quality development process.
The interim report " Developing and financially ensuring early education " has been presented at the 3 rd conference of the federal government and the federal states on November 5, The result of this work was a key issues paper for the elaboration of a federal law on quality development.
The law is based on the interim report mentioned above.
Hence, quality goals, like the improvement of access, child-staff-ratio, the qualification of staff or the strengthening of leadership in ECEC are central elements of this law cf. Although the law is as an important step towards improving structural quality within the ECEC system, there has been a lot of critique regarding the conception and the regulation, especially with regard to the distribution of the funding. The evaluation and monitoring of the process will be necessary to see if and how the law supports sustainable quality improvements.
Since the duration of the law is limited until , there will be the chance to readjust and change the current weak points.
Part of this should be to create a sustainable and solid financial support for municipalities and providers who are in charge of implementing the quality goals. Moreover, these quality goals should be binding, now they have more the status of a recommendation linked with financial incentives if these are implemented.
Also their scope of action is quite wide, which might not always be expedient.
For supporting a comparable and similar level of structural quality throughout Germany, further political effort is necessary. Hence, the law is a compromise after a long political struggle on how to regulate quality, and an important step, but just the first one in many more that need to follow. Durch die weitere Verwendung stimmen Sie der Verarbeitung von Cookies zu. Kinder- und Jugendbericht Welle Familiensurvey 2. Welle Familiensurvey 3.
Welle Jugendsurvey 2. Welle Jugendsurvey 3.
Erfolgreich ins Berufsleben starten. Bildung und Betreuung international. Regional disparities Statistics show that participation in public early childhood education and care services by children of all age groups has risen continuously in recent years.